Sponsored by Socorro County Historical Society
NEXT MAP
El Camino Real de Tierra Adentro
Where's The Trail?
Maps, photos, and aerial photography of the trail
Primarily in Sierra & Socorro counties
TRAIL SEGMENT ON THIS PAGE:
Alamillo Arroyo north to
La Joyita townsite 
Exiting Alamillo arroyo
Elevation plot, Alamillo arroyo to La Joyita townsite
soc_n004049.jpg
Goto this segment
Goto this segment
Goto this segment
soc_n004043.gif
NEXT MAP
NOTE: This segment of the trail has not been well explored or mapped due to inaccessibility.  Much of it passes through the Sevilleta National Wildlife Refuge, for which no public entry is allowed except by permit.  The San Acacia dam and roadway is now locked by the Middle Rio Grande Conservency District which denies access to the east side of the river (Camino Real side).
soc_n004042.jpg soc_n004041.jpg soc_n004038.jpg soc_n004038.jpg soc_n004040.jpg soc_n004038.jpg
Near Bolon Guin (Bowling Green)
La Joyita townsite
La Joyita was established on El Camino Real in the late Mexican period. First mention is by surveyor Lt. Abert in 1846. It is a documented stop on the trail. La Joyita was destroyed in the 1884 flood. Subsequent floods and building the San Acacia dam has inundated the townsite.
Bolon Guin was a short lived village of 145 residents destroyed by flood in 1886. Residents resettled across the river at Chamizal.
El Camino Real remains visible where it departs the Alamillo Arroyo and climbs the elevation northward towards Bolon Guin. Further north, an old ranch road to La Joyita appears to parallel or bladed on top of the trail in places.
soc_n004039.jpg soc_n004011.jpg soc_n004011.jpg soc_n004038.jpg
3D
View
soc_n004037.jpg soc_n004011.jpg
Stone
cairn
From Lt. Abert's journal, Nov. 8, 1846:
"The course of the river to-day was tortuous [sic]; high sand banks closed in on each side, almost obliterating the valley, except at Joya and Joyeta, where there are fields sufficiently broad for raising corn enough to supply the wants of the people, and to afford grazing grounds for their cattle."
 
This description of broad fields and grazing near the river afforded a good camp (paraje) at both La Joya and La Joyita for travelers along the trail.
From Dr. Wislizenus journal, July 1846:
"We passed in the afternoon Joyita a small town ... Near Joyita, mountainous bluffs reached for the first time the Rio del Norte; they consist of black amygdaloidal basalt."
 
Dr. Wislizenus is describing the San Acacia Mesa (a.k.a. Indian Mesa) and San Acacia Butte, both of black basalt/lava. The Rio Grande passes through the narrow passage between these two geologic features.  See above map.  The narrow basaltic river passage was unsuitable for wagons along the trail, forcing the route over San Acacia Butte to Alamillo arroyo.
 
Historic documentation
soc_n004036.jpg
Goto this segment
Goto this segment
Goto this segment
Website courtesy of the Socorro County Historical Society (SCHS), P.O. Box 921, Socorro, New Mexico 87801 [SCHS home page]

Piedras Negras Pueblo
is near the trail where it crosses the San Acacia Butte. It is an ancestral Piro pueblo built late 1300s with some evidence of
pre-Revolt Colonial occupation.
soc_n004024.jpg soc_n004024.jpg soc_n004024.jpg soc_n004024.jpg soc_n004024.jpg soc_n004029.jpg
Overview of pueblo
click map to enlarge
soc_n004028.jpg
San Acacia, dam, and
La Joyita area
click photo to enlarge
soc_n004027.jpg soc_n004024.jpg
San
Acacia
Butte
& pueblo
soc_n004026.jpg soc_n004024.jpg soc_n004024.jpg
San
Acacia
dam
soc_n004025.jpg soc_n004024.jpg
Trail entering La Joyita area
NOTE: Drone photos and access to the dam, La Joyita and Piedras Negras pueblo by permission of Middle Rio Grande Conservancy District (MRGCD) 
soc_n004023.jpg
General Trail Maps
Trail Home
Desert Ratts
4
soc-N4
>>Socorro-History.org/CAMINOREAL/Socorro_N
SCHS Home
The Camino Real Mapping Project
on these web pages
is the exclusive work of the 
 
 
members of the Socorro County
Historical Society and other
volunteers dedicated to
documenting, mapping, presenting,
and preserving the historic trail.
SOCORRO DESERT RATTS,
La Joya Region
Socorro North
Socorro South
Mesa/Valverde
Paraje Region
Laguna Region
Jornada South
Dona Ana Region
Detailed Trail Maps
GoogleEarth
image
Drone
aerial photo
Trail photo
Notes or
documentation
LEGEND
Aerial photos with DJI Phantom 3 quadcopter camera
soc_n004012.jpg soc_n004011.jpg soc_n004010.jpg soc_n004009.jpg
Back to
TOP
Back to
MAP GATEWAY PAGE
soc_n004006.jpg soc_n004005.jpg soc_n004004.jpg
Alamillo
trail north
"Alamillo
cliffs"
soc_n004003.jpg
  3412.98'N 10653.10'W
 Elev. 4700'
soc_n004002.jpg
  3413.45'N 10652.92'W
 Elev. 4760'
soc_n004001.jpg
  3416.31'N 10651.18'W
 Elev. 4740'
VIDEO
VIDEO