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Socorro County Historical Society
Socorro, New Mexico, USA
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Socorro County mines are fun and interesting to explore
for their history and intrigue -- but should never be entered!
Have photos?  If you have photos of the Kelly mining district or of family that worked the mines you'd like to share, please let us know here and we'll add them to these pages.
The Kelly Mine & Traylor Shaft
Mines2
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SCHS Home > History Pages > Mines > Kelly area mines 
   The Nitt mine is within 1,000 feet of the Graphic mine. It was owned by the Tri-Bullion Smelting & Mining Co. and comprised several claims on 115 acres. The mine was leased to the Ozark Smelting & Mining Co., owners of the Graphic-Waldo mine, from 1914-1923. Shortly after the Ozark Smelter closed in 1921, the mine was operated 1923-1930 by J. A. Macdonald of Kelly, who shipped ore to outside smelters rated at about 20% zinc, 2% copper and 2 ounces of silver to the ton.
   The mine consists of a shaft 300 feet deep with 4,000 feet of drifts and crosscuts over several levels between 200 and 350 feet to reach the ore, two levels connecting to the Graphic-Waldo mine.
The Nitt Mine
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Mitt mine ore track
circa. 1916
Partial cross-section
of Nitt mine
View of Nitt mine
View of Nitt mine headframe and tailings
   The Juanita mine was the first claim of "Old Hutch" Hutchison in 1866, and thus the oldest claim in the Kelly region.  It was purchased by attorney and former Senator T. B. Catron in 1915 upon settling the estate when Old Hutch died in 1914.  Catron, in turn, leased it to Mines & Metal Co. of Kelly 1915-1928.  Others worked the mine until closed in 1937.
   The Juanita was an active mine throughout Kelly's mining days. In spite of rather extensive underground workings, it was not an especially profitable mine with modest output of lead and zinc, though did produce 23,352 ounces of silver 1905-1937.
The Juanita Mine
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Photos courtesy mindat.com
An inclined shaft at
the Juanita mine
Main drift (tunnel) for
hauling ore
Mine rail leading into
one of the stopes
The South Juanita Mine
   The South Juanita mine, also known as the "Juanita Extention," is located about -mile south of the Juanita mine.  Production was reported in 1907, 1912, 1918-1919, and 1928-1929 producing lead, zinc and some silver. The mine sat idle in the other years with some sporadic operation 1930-1939.
   The mine consists of a 200 ft. vertical shaft that accessed three levels. Most of the ore came from a stope about 100 by 270 feet along level 1, and a few small pockets of ore on level 2.  The dominant ore mined was lead carbonate with minor quantities of zinc carbonate. The adit entry to the mine has collapsed, burying the portal.  The main shaft is still open.
 
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Cross-sections of South Juanita mine
Black Cloud & Mistletoe mines
   The Mistletoe mine started in 1906 by the Mistletoe & Magdalena Tunnel Co.  A mill to process the ore was built in 1908. The Mistletoe tunnel reached 1,050 feet in length when it struck water and flooded in 1915. Another mine was immediately started nearby called the Black Cloud mine. In 1926, the mines were reorganized as the Black Cloud Mining & Milling Co. consisting about 400 acres.  The consolidated properties were often called the Helen Cross group of claims.
   The Mistletoe mine was connected through an aerial tramway to their mill at the mouth of the tunnel. The mill was overhauled by the new owners
in 1927 in response to the closure of the Graphic Mill that same year, leaving the Black Cloud the only mill left in the Kelly region. Many mines in the region closed in 1928-1929 era due to the higher grade ores being exhausted, forcing the Black Cloud mill to close in late 1928 for lack of sufficient business to operate the mill -- the last mill in the area to close.
   The Mistletoe mine was closed in 1929 when the lower levels and the stope being worked again flooded. The Black Cloud continued to operate until 1938 producing lead, copper, and only 214 ounces of silver.
   In spite of the extent of the two mines and their own mill, mining problems and several episodes of flooding prevented the mines from being a large producer of lead, zinc or silver the owners had hoped.
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Google Earth image
Google Earth image
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Google Earth image
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Google Earth image
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The map to the right shows the locations and names of the dominant area mines.  Clicking on a mine name with a link takes you to a thumbnail history of the mine and photographs or other information where available.
 
Information on these pages are to document and archive the history of Kelly and her mines and is not meant as a geology or rock hounding guide.  Additional information and photos will be added as they become available.
 
Young America & Enterprise Mines
   H. W. Russell & Co. developed the Young America claim in 1907, located east and higher up on the mountain from the Linchberg mine and tunnel.  In 1909, 22 tons of crude ore was shipped of which 22,520 pounds of lead and 220 ounces of silver were recovered.  Ownership passed to C. T. Brown in 1911 and to the Empire Zinc Co. in 1915.
   TheYoung America and Imperial mine workings consisted of several small tunnels running east, at 8,570 feet elevation, to connect to north running drifts to lead and copper carbonate ores, and south running drifts that accessed two ore bodies of high grade zinc.
   The Enterprise mine is located a few hundred yards south of the Young America and Imperial claims.  The northeast running Enterprise tunnel connected to south running drifts that followed a streak of lead carbonate. The north drift struck a mass of high grade galena that contained an unusually high content of silver, though quickly mined out.
   The Enterprise and Young America were well worked mines, but their ore bodies proved to be limited.  It appears none of the mines were worked after about 1920.
   The Enterprise tunnel has been sealed at the portal and no longer accessible.
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Google Earth image
Enterprise, Imperial, and
Young America map
Back to mine map
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KELLY, NM AREA MINES
Kelly, NM is one of New Mexico best ghost towns and was once the leading producer of lead and zinc in the state, and a major mining district in the Southwest.  The region remains well known today due to the landmark remains of the Kelly Mine and the Tri-Bullion smelter. However, the Kelly Mine was not the only mine in the area as these webpages show ... the Kelly region is peppered with several dozen other mines, some of which were also major mining operations and mills, while others were smaller yet profitable producers -- and some just hopeful prospects.
QUICK LINKS TO KELLY MINES
Ambrosia mine
Anchor mine
Black Cloud mine
Cavern mine
Connelly tunnel
Enterprize mine
Germany mine
Grand Ledge mine
Grand Tower mine
Graphic-Waldo mine
Hardscrabble mine
Hermit mine
Iron Mask mine
Juanita mine
Kelly mine
Key mine
Linchberg mine
Little Loella mine
Mistletoe mine
Morning Star mine
Nitt mine
Sleeper mine
South Juanita mine
Stonewall mine
Tip Top mine
Unity mine
Vindicator mine
Waldo mine
West Virginia mine
Young America mine
mine2001019.jpg
Anchor
Hardscrabble
Hermit
Vindicator
Key
Ambrosia
Sleeper
Mockingbird
Mines
Stonewall
Tip Top
Nitt
GRAPHIC
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WALDO
Ida Hill
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Cimmaron
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Grand Tower
Paschal
KELLY MINE
& Traylor Shaft
Germany
Juanita
S. Juanita
mine2001015.jpg mine2001014.jpg
Black
Cloud
mine2001013.jpg
Mistletoe
Enterprise
mine2001012.jpg
Young America
Linchberg
Morning Star
Iron Mask
Unity
Connelly
W. Virginia
mine2001011.jpg
Cavern
& Grand
Ledge
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Little
Loella
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Tri-Bullion Smelter
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KELLY REGION MINE MAP
Click on mine name with a blue link for more information, photos
mine2001002.jpg mine2001001.jpg
THE MAGDALENA MINING DISTRICT
Overview
Magdalena-Kelly region
overview
Magdalena-Kelly region
overview showing mine locations
MINE SAFETY: Do not enter mine shafts or tunnels -- most are extremely fragile and hazardous due to to flooding, hidden shafts,
cave-ins, dangerous gases & lack of oxygen.
 
 
Most mines listed here are on PRIVATE PROPERTY -- explore with respect.